(Originally adopted September 27, 2006.)
(A) Electronic Filing System. Electronic filing system (E-Filing System) approved by the Nebraska Supreme Court for filing of pleadings, motions, and other papers (Documents) via the Internet through the court-authorized service provider.
(C) Electronic Service. Electronic service (E-Service) is the transmission of Documents to any party in a case via the E-Filing System. Any party or attorney who has registered to use the E-Filing System thereby agrees to receive service of any Document, other than service of a summons or initial pleading, via the E-Filing System.
(D) Durable Medium. Durable medium shall be any information storage medium that is created by a durable process. A process shall be the combination of hardware, software, storage media, techniques, and procedures used to manage, create, store, retrieve, and delete information belonging to the party required to maintain the record. A process shall be durable if it meets the following criteria:
(3) The process maintains the integrity of information in a readily accessible manner, makes it retrievable, makes it processable through an established usual or routine set of procedures using available hardware and software, and makes it accurately reproducible in a human-readable form.
(4) The process provides for disaster recovery backups, which are periodically, depending on a retention schedule, verified for restorability and readability, and can be stored in a separate geographical location from the original information.
(E) Trial Court Electronic Notice. Trial court electronic notice (trial E-Notice) is the electronic transmission of notices, opinions, court entries, and any other dispositional order or information from the trial court to all persons who have registered for trial E-Notice under § 6-403.
§ 6-401(A) amended and § 6-401(C) deleted August 12, 2008; § 6-401(C) adopted January 21, 2010; § 6-401(C) renumbered to § 6-401(D) and § 6-401(C) adopted December 22, 2010, effective May 1, 2011.; § 6-403(E) and (F) adopted September 24, 2014, effective January 1, 2015.
E-Filing is authorized on a pilot project basis for certain cases filed in specified district and county courts in Nebraska, as set forth in a schedule by the Administrative Office of the Court, as revised from time to time. At the discretion of the Chief Justice, in consultation with the presiding judge of the particular court, E-Filing may be suspended in certain courts that are experiencing technical difficulties.
§ 6-402 amended August 12, 2008.
(A) Only attorneys licensed to practice law in Nebraska may register to use the E-Filing System. Any attorney so registered may make an entry of appearance through E-Filing. Registration for trial E-Notice is allowed for those persons appearing pro se who have Internet and e-mail capability. Pro Se registration for trial E-Notice is through the clerk of the court in which the person is appearing.
(B) Registration for trial E-Filing and trial E-Service is mandatory for all attorneys making any filing or appearance in a county or district court, regardless if the filing is by paper or electronically. Registration for trial E-Filing and trial E-Service is through Nebraska.gov. Registration allows the user to access trial E-Filing, trial E-Service, appellate E-Filing, and appellate E-Service.
(1) Registration for trial E-Notice is presumptive by registering a valid e-mail address with the Nebraska Supreme Court Attorney Services Division pursuant to Neb. Ct. R. § 3-803(C). If an attorney wishes for a different e-mail address to be used for trial E-Notice, he or she shall provide one upon registering for trial E-Filing with Nebraska.gov. The e-mail address provided by attorneys for trial E-Notice is for the trial E-Notice system only and does not automatically register the attorney for other services under other court rules, including trial E-Filing which is done through Nebraska.gov. Mere usage of a new or different e-mail address in a document filed in paper form or using trial E-Filing does not satisfy the requirements of this subsection for an update to the user’s information in trial E-Notice.
(2) Registration for trial E-Notice allows the court to transmit orders, notices, and other court entries via the E-Notice System as provided in § 6-410.
(2) Any attorney registered for trial and appellate E-Notice shall receive all correspondence electronically from the following e-mail address: firstname.lastname@example.org. User e-mail accounts should be set up to receive all e-mails from that e-mail address.
(3) Any attorney registered for trial and appellate E-Filing and E-Service shall receive all correspondence electronically from the following e-mail address: email@example.com. User e‑mail accounts should be set up to receive all e-mails from that e-mail address.
(F) Pro Hac Vice. Attorneys admitted pro hac vice in a particular case pursuant to Neb. Ct. R. § 3‑122 may utilize trial E-Filing under those rules through Nebraska counsel with whom the attorney is associated. Attorneys admitted pro hac vice in a particular case pursuant to Neb. Ct. R. § 3‑122 shall register for trial E-Notice with the clerk of the court in which he or she is appearing.
(G) Each registered user is responsible for maintaining valid contract information. When a user’s contact information changes, the user shall promptly update his or her profile in Nebraska.gov. If an E‑Filing user has a pending case before the trial courts, the user shall promptly notify all parties of such information change. Trial E-Service upon an obsolete e-mail address shall constitute valid service where the user has not updated the account profile with the new e-mail address. Mere usage of a new or different e-mail address in a document filed using E-Filing does not satisfy the requirements of this subsection for an update to the user’s profile in Nebraska.gov.
(H) Failure to Register. Failure by a required attorney to register for trial E-Notice or trial E-Filing may be enforced by any appropriate sanction or order of the trial court or appellate court, or by appropriate disciplinary procedure.
§ 6-403 amended September 24, 2014, effective January 1, 2015.
Cases may be commenced under Neb. Rev. Stat. § 25-501 through an E‑Filing; however, service of the initial pleading and the summons shall not be made by E-Service. The electronic filing of a complaint or other initial pleading from which printed copies can be made shall be deemed compliant with the requirement of Neb. Rev. Stat. § 25-504.01 to supply copies of a complaint. The court clerk shall print sufficient copies for service with the summons. The party filing such complaint or pleading electronically shall be deemed to have consented to pay the reasonable expense of printing such copies. The summons and any required attachments to the summons shall be provided in printed form by the court clerk and shall be served in accordance with Neb. Rev. Stat. § 25‑505.01 et seq., unless service is waived or otherwise excused by law. If an attorney who has entered an appearance in a case has not registered for E-Filing, then service of the e-filed pleading upon that attorney shall be made as required by law.
Rule 4 amended December 20, 2006. Renumbered and codified as § 6-404, effective July 18, 2008; § 6-404 amended August 12, 2008; § 6-404 amended December 22, 2010, effective May 1, 2011; § 6-404 amended September 24, 2014, effective January 1, 2015.
For cases under the pilot project, Documents which are required by Neb. Ct. R. Pldg. § 6-1105 to be filed in the office of the court clerk may be filed through an E-Filing.
§ 6-405 amended December 22, 2010, effective May 1, 2011.
All Documents electronically received by the court clerk by 11:59:59 p.m. local time shall be deemed to have been filed on that date.
Rule 6 amended June 4, 2008. Renumbered and codified as § 6-406, effective July 18, 2008.
(A) Except as provided in subsection (B) of this section, a copy of an E-Filed Document with original signatures shall be maintained either in paper form or in electronic form. A copy maintained in electronic form shall be stored using a durable medium as defined in § 6-401. The copy shall be maintained by the filing party and made available for inspection by other parties or the court upon request, but shall not be filed with the court. Where these rules require a party to maintain a Document, the filer is required to maintain the Document for a period of 2 years after the final resolution of the action, including the final resolution of all appeals.
§ 6-407 deleted and § 6-408 renumbered to § 6-407 on August 12, 2008; § 6-407(A) amended January 21, 2010; § 6-407(B) adopted January 21, 2010.
A motion for leave to file Documents under seal may be E-Filed. Documents to be filed under seal pursuant to an order of the court shall not be E-Filed.
§ 6-409 renumbered to § 6-408 on August 12, 2008.
Use of the E-Filing System by an attorney shall constitute compliance with the Neb. Ct. R. Pldg. § 6‑1111 signature requirement and the attorney using the E-Filing System shall be subject to all other requirements of Neb. Ct. R. Pldg. § 6-1111 and Neb. Rev. Stat. § 25-824 et seq. Signatures of parties, witnesses, and notaries and notary stamps may be typed using the signature format “/s/ [typed name]” and using the stamp format “seal, notary public, State of [state name],” and commission expiration date and E-filed to satisfy signature and certification requirements. If the notarial commission of the particular notary public whose seal is being depicted is limited by county, the filing party shall use the stamp format "seal, notary public, State of [state name], County of [county name]." Other seals or stamps, such as those of courts, public bodies, agencies, or officials, or corporations, may be typed using the stamp format "seal, [alphanumeric content of seal]." Signatures of parties, witnesses, and notaries, and notary stamps or other seals, shall not be typed or otherwise depicted on E-Filed Documents unless the filing party has possession of the original document or documents bearing such signatures and stamps.
§ 6-410 renumbered to § 6-409 on August 12, 2008; § 6-409 amended December 22, 2010, effective May 1, 2011.
A court shall transmit orders, notices, and other court entries via trial E-Notice to all attorneys and those persons appearing pro se who are registered to use trial E-Notice unless other law, statute, or court rule requires transmittal by U.S. Mail.
§ 6-411 renumbered to § 6-410 on August 12, 2008. § 6-410 amended September 24, 2014, effective January 1, 2015.
Neb. Ct. R. Pldg. § 6-1110 shall apply to E-Filed Documents. An E-Filed Document shall not be transmitted to the District Court Clerk/County Court Clerk Magistrate by any other means unless the court at any later time requests a printed copy bearing original signatures.
§ 6-412 renumbered to § 6-411 on August 12, 2008; § 6-411 amended December 22, 2010, effective May 1, 2011.
A document that requires the signatures of opposing parties or counsel (such as a stipulation) may be electronically filed by typing the names of each signing party or counsel, but the filer is required to first obtain the original signatures of all opposing parties or counsel on a printed document.
§ 6-413 deleted and § 6-414 renumbered to § 6-413 on July 23, 2008; § 6-413 renumbered to § 6-412 on August 12, 2008.
Attorneys who E-File shall not submit paper, self-addressed, stamped envelopes for the purpose of receiving a signed order or file-stamped copies of pleadings back from the court in active cases. Local courts shall use E-Filing to distribute such court orders or file-stamped copies of pleadings.
§ 6-415 renumbered to § 6-414 on July 23, 2008; § 6-414 renumbered to § 6-413 on August 12, 2008.
Upon satisfactory proof that E-Filing or E-Service of a Document is not completed because of (1) an error in the transmission of the Document to the E-File System service provider which was unknown to the sending party or (2) a failure to process the electronic filing when received by the court clerk, the court may enter an order permitting the Document to be filed as of the date it was first attempted to be sent electronically. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no order may be entered under this rule which expands the statutory time period for commencing an action or perfecting an appeal unless there is an affirmative showing that the failure to make a timely filing was due solely to an E-Filing System internal transmission error or a processing error by the court clerk.
§ 6-416 renumbered to § 6-415 on July 23, 2008; § 6-415 renumbered to § 6-414 and amended on August 12, 2008; § 6-414 amended December 22, 2010, effective May 1, 2011.
Upon a showing of substantial good faith compliance with the E-Filing System interim rule, the court may waive nonjurisdictional defects in an E-Filing or E-Service if it finds that no harm has occurred to any party as a result of the defective E-Filing or E-Service.
§ 6-417 renumbered to § 6-416 on July 23, 2008; § 6-416 renumbered to § 6-415 and amended on August 12, 2008; § 6-415 amended December 22, 2010, effective May 1, 2011.
If an E-Filing court case is appealed, the clerk of the E-Filing court shall prepare a paper file from the electronic files of the case to submit to the appellate court. If the E-Filing court is participating in a project for electronic transmission of appeals to the appellate court or is so directed by the appellate court, the file transmitted to the appellate court shall be in electronic form in accordance with the project or appellate court’s instructions and no paper file shall be prepared by the E-Filing court or submitted to the appellate court.
§ 6-418 renumbered to § 6-417 on July 23, 2008; § 6-417 renumbered to § 6-416 on August 12, 2008; § 6-416 amended December 22, 2010, effective May 1, 2011; § 6-416 amended August 31, 2011.
§ 6-419 renumbered to § 6-418 on July 23, 2008’ § 6-418 renumbered to § 6-417 on August 12, 2008. § 6-417 amended September 24, 2014, effective January 1, 2015.
If the clerk of the court ceases to maintain an electronic file, the clerk will prepare a complete and certified copy of the electronic file in paper form.
§ 6-420 renumbered to § 6-419 on July 23, 2008; § 6-419 renumbered to § 6-418 on August 12, 2008; § 6-418 amended December 22, 2010, effective May 1, 2011.
(A) E-Service shall be used for any document to be electronically filed, except for the initial pleading and summons. Documents which are required to be served pursuant to Neb. Ct. R. Pldg. § 6-1105 and in the manner required by § 6-1105(b)(2) may be served through E-Service or through a combination of E-Service and any other method permitted by § 6-1105. A Document electronically received by the E-Filing provider for service by 11:59:59 p.m. local time shall be deemed to have been served on that date.
(B) For purposes of Neb. Ct. R. Pldg. § 6-1105(b), service by E-Service to any party or attorney who has registered to use the E-Filing System shall constitute service pursuant to § 6-1105(b)(2)(F). For purposes of computing a prescribed period pursuant to Neb. Ct. R. Pldg. § 6-1106(e), service by E‑Service shall constitute service pursuant to § 6-1105(b)(2)(F).
§ 6-419 adopted December 22, 2010, effective May 1, 2011. § 6-419 amended September 24, 2014, effective January 1, 2015.
Rule 21 amended December 20, 2006. Renumbered and codified as § 6-421, effective July 18, 2008; § 6-421 renumbered to § 6-420 on July 23, 2008. § 6-420 deleted August 12, 2008.